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5 Most Common Types of Terpenes in Weed

Published On:
July 12, 2023

Read time:
5 Minutes

5 Most Common Types of Terpenes in Weed - True North Cannabis Co

Picture this: you stroll into your neighbourhood cannabis dispensary, and the air is thick with a mesmerizing symphony of scents. Earthy, citrusy, piney, and floral notes dance in the air, teasing your senses. It’s like stepping into a fragrant wonderland where every strain tells a unique story through its aroma.

What’s behind these captivating scents? The answer is terpenes!

Terpenes are the unsung heroes of cannabis plants. They are the aromatic compounds responsible for the distinct smells and flavours of different cannabis strains. But terpenes are more than just delightful fragrances, they offer a treasure trove of therapeutic benefits too!

In this article, we’re going to explore the world of terpenes, shining a light on the five most common types you’ll encounter. Whether you’re a seasoned enthusiast or a curious newcomer, understanding these cannabis compounds will help you tailor your cannabis experience to your preferences and needs.

How Many Terpenes Are There?

Terpenes make up the largest group of natural compounds found in plants with over 20,000 known varieties to date, from fruits and vegetables to herbs and flowers.

Studies show that there are about 400 known terpenes in cannabis. However, experts have only been able to link a few of them to the aforementioned possible therapeutic and mood-altering effects.

The most common types of terpenes found in cannabis include myrcene, caryophyllene, linalool, pinene, and limonene.

Three True North Cannabis Co. pre-rolls surrounded by leaves

The 5 Most Common Types of Cannabis Terpenes

1. Myrcene

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Aromas and flavours: Earthy, fruity, clove-live
Possible effects: Sleepiness, relaxation, reduced inflammation, and pain relief
Also found in: Hops, lemongrass, mangoes, and basil

One of the most common terpenes in cannabis is myrcene. Cannabis strains with high levels of this terpene usually come across as a bit peppery, spicy, earthy, and musky. Studies have also shown it may have medicinal properties, such as antifungal effects and antibacterial potential.

Cannabis Products High in Myrcene

What better way to enjoy the relaxation effects of myrcene than by indulging in a bath bomb? Stewart Farms’ Bath Bomb Triple pack gives you three to choose from: Citrus Farmer, Double Dream, and Kaya’s—we bet you’ll love all three!

2. Caryophyllene


Aromas and flavours: Peppery, diesel-y, spicy
Possible effects: Reduced inflammation and improved anxiety and depression symptoms
Also found in: Pepper, basil, oregano, cloves, rosemary, and cinnamon

Next on our list of cannabis terpenes and effects is caryophyllene, best known as the one that carries notes of diesel. Studies show that it can act as a cannabinoid that activates the endocannabinoid system—the only terpene known to do so. As such, some individuals may find it has anti-inflammatory properties.

Cannabis Products High in Caryophyllene

Black Diesel Redees Pre-Rolls pack high levels of caryophyllene into a convenient, ready-to-smoke format. This balanced hybrid is a cross between Black Cherry Punch and Lilac Diesel with both sour and fruity undertones. What’s not to love?

3. Linalool


Aromas and flavours: Sweet, fresh, floral, gentle spice
Possible effects: Sleepiness, mental and physical relaxation, antimicrobial activity, anti-anxiety properties, and stronger immunity
Also found in: Lavender, basil, mint, and rosewood

Floral and spicy tones best define this type of terpene. Known for its strong and pleasant lavender aroma, it’s been associated with promoting relaxation and an improved mood. While it’s commonly found in cannabis plants, you generally won’t find high levels of it in strains you consume as it’s more of a secondary terpene, percentage-wise.

Cannabis Products High in Linalool

NightCap by Legend’s Blueberry Lavender checks all the boxes. Made of premium Belgian milk chocolate, it packs the irresistible flavours of both blueberry and lavender alongside 1mg THC, 10mg CBN, and 20mg CBD. Calm has never tasted this good.

4. Pinene

img 4

Aromas and flavours: Earthy, nutty, spicy, woodsy
Possible effects: Reduced inflammation, analgesic properties, antimicrobial activity, and therapeutic qualities that enhance mood
Also found in: Pine trees, basil, dill, parsley, and rosemary

If it smells as refreshing as a forest, the odds are it’s the scent and aroma of pinene—the most abundant terpene in the natural world. However, pinene-dominant cannabis strains are rare. As a secondary terpene, you’ll typically find them in lesser concentrations. Being sweet, spicy, and woodsy, this terpene is used to enhance various consumer products like candles and insecticides.

Cannabis Products High in Pinene

Pinene is the third-most prominent terpene in the powerful Jet Fuel Gelato cannabis strain. This one is more than just an exotic-looking bud; it can produce near-immediate cerebral reactions that elicit energized and euphoric sensations.

5. Limonene

img 8

Aromas and flavours: Citrus fruit, floral, earthy
Possible effects: Anti-anxiety, stress relief, increased energy, enhanced mood, and antifungal & antibacterial activity
Also found in: Citrus fruit peels, rosemary, and peppermint

Rounding up our list of the types of terpenes is limonene, which is easily identified by its distinct and pungent citrus notes of lemon, lime, and orange. You’ll also find that it’s often a primary terpene found in cannabis. Its citrusy fresh aroma and ability to act as a solvent have also led it to being a common ingredient in cleaning products.

Cannabis Products High in Limonene

Try Amsterdam Sativa to satisfy your citrusy terpene fix. It’s perfect for those wanting to feel creative, energetic, focused, happy, and inspired, often producing a mild mental high combined with a strong body buzz.

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Follow Your Nose to the Best Cannabis Strains at TNCC

It’s time to put your newfound terpenes knowledge into action!

Whether you’re seeking relaxation, creativity, or simply a delightful sensory experience, True North Cannabis Co.’s expert budtenders are here to help. As Canada’s largest independent cannabis retailer, we’re proud to offer the best products at affordable prices.

Sign up for our VIP Program to enjoy exciting deals and discounts on all your favs!

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